World Oceans Day is June 8

Lessons  Age 5 to 6

                    World Oceans Day is June 8th

                  Oceans Week Canada is June 1st to 8th

Email Contact: Board (at) WorldOceansDay.ca 


Sharks

Sharks keep our oceans in balance but are slowly declining. The following website has Lessons and Films.

http://sharks4kids.com/


INDEX

                                                                      Page

HISTORY OF WORLD OCEANS DAY          2

EDUCATION

Learn About the Water Cycle                              3

Learn About Our Oceans                                    4

Why Should We Conserve Water at Home?      5

Learn About Marine Life                                      6

Challenges Facing Our Oceans                           8

-Natural causes

-Caused by humans

Solutions – What can we do                                 9

         to make a difference?

Reducing Your “Carbon Footprint” so you           10

can make a difference

STORIES                                                             11

Dora and Dennis the Dolphins

ACTIVITIES                                                         20

Games and Crafts

Clip Art

HOW TO BE AN “OCEAN HERO”                     21

Earn an OCEAN HERO Certificate

RESOURCES                                                       23

Books

TV shows

Other websites

HISTORY OF WORLD OCEANS DAY

June 8th is World Oceans Day

The concept for a “World Ocean Day” was first proposed in 1992 by the Government of Canada at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro.

As a result of a United Nations General Assembly resolution passed in December 2008, World Oceans Day is now officially recognized by the United Nations as June 8th each year and is celebrated around the world.

Theme: The World Oceans Day 2011and 2012 theme is “Youth: the Next Wave for Change”

Around the World: People around the world help to protect our future by learning the importance of the oceans we share and take action by doing beach cleanups, educational programs, art contests, film festivals, sustainable seafood events, conserve water everyday and recognize how important our marine life and oceans are to everyone.

Review Questions:

What country had the idea to celebrate World Oceans Day?

What date is World Oceans Day?

Who is responsible for our Oceans?

Should we care for our oceans everyday?

EDUCATION

Learn About the Water Cycle

We have lots of water in streams, rivers, lakes and our oceans.

We cannot make new water. We must take care of the water we have.

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When it rains, water fills our streams, ponds, rivers, lakes and oceans. Then water evaporates and forms clouds, so it can rain again.

It is very important for all of us to keep all of our water clean.

Review Questions

Can we make more water ?

What happens to rain water?

Who uses water ?

EDUCATION

Learn About Our Oceans

We have 5 oceans and many seas around our world.

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Our oceans are named:

Pacific Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

Indian Ocean

Southern Ocean

Arctic Ocean

Oceans and Seas are salt water.

Our streams, ponds, rivers and lakes are fresh water.

Streams, ponds, rivers and lakes make up 3% of all the water in our world.

Oceans and Seas make up 97% of all the water in our world.

80% of the oxygen we breath comes from our oceans and seas.

Keeping all of our water clean is very important for plants, animals, fish and people.

Review Questions

How many oceans do we have?

Who uses water?

Where does most of the oxygen we breath come from?
EDUCATION

Why Should We Conserve Water at Home?

¨We cannot make new water.

¨We cannot waste water.

¨We must save as much of the water we have.

¨We must keep our water clean

Easy Ways for Children To Save Water

-Turn off the tap while we brush our teeth

-Keep water in the fridge to keep it cold, instead of running the tap for a long time every time we want a drink of cold water

-When washing the car, turn the water off while you soap and scrub the car, turning the water back on to rinse

-When taking a shower, turn the water off while you soap and scrub, turning the water back on to rinse

-Check each water tap at home and tell your parents if you see a tap leaking, so they can fix the tap to save water

Water Conservation Websites:

http://www.wateruseitwisely.com/100-ways-to-conserve/index.php

http://eartheasy.com/live_water_saving.htm

http://www.groundwater.org/kc/easywaystoconserve.html

http://www.culverco.com/eew_water/wisely/save.html

http://www.culverco.com/eew_water/wisely/goes.html

http://www.ec.gc.ca/education/default.asp?lang=En&n=5DA49E15-1

Review Questions

How can we save water ?

Can we make more water ?

EDUCATION

Learn About Marine Life

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Our oceans are beautiful. Many plants and fish live in our oceans.

All the plants and fish depend on us to help them.

To help them we must help keep our waters clean.

WEBSITES

Ocean Fish

http://www.oceanlight.com/fish.html

Lessons K to 12 with Videos & Quizzes

http://www.neok12.com/Marine-Animals.htm

Canada Department of Fisheries and Oceans

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/aquatic-aquatique-eng.htm

Living Oceans Society

http://www.livingoceans.org/education-station/creatures

Marine Life

http://marinebio.org/Oceans/Creatures.asp

Dolphins

http://dolphins-and-more.com/what-are-the-32-types-of-dolphins.html

EDUCATION

Challenges Facing Our Oceans

NATURAL CAUSES

Earthquake – when it causes boats, houses or cars to sink into the ocean or waterways and pollute the water

Volcano - when the lava, ashes and gasses flow into the ocean or waterways, destroying plants and marine animals

Hurricane or Tropical Storm – when it breaks coral reef or causes

Debris to sink into the ocean or waterways and pollute the water

CAUSED BY HUMANS

1Over fishing

2Irresponsible fish farming

3Ghost fishing

4Garbage

5Acidification – too much carbon dioxide in the water

6Dead Zones – no oxygen

7Mercury pollution

8Offshore drilling

9Whaling and shark finning

10Ocean warming

11Destruction of habitat and coral reefs

Websites:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_acidification

Globe and Mail

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/briti...

National Geographic for Kids

http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/

http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/animals/

National Geographic

www.nationalgeographic.com

Canada Department of Fisheries and Oceans

www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca

Environment Canada

www.ec.gc.ca
EDUCATION

Solutions – What can we do

to make a difference?

WE CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE

1.We can save water and not waste our water.

2.We can help keep our water clean in our streams, ponds, rivers, lakes and oceans.

3.Recycle plastic, cans and paper.

4.Keep plastic out of our streams, ponds, rivers, lakes and oceans. Plastic does not disappear like a piece of paper does after awhile. Plastic hurts our fish.

5.Reduce our “Carbon Footprint”

6.Only eat fish which are not endangered

7.Help keep our air clean

8.Be an ocean friendly pet owner

Ocean Preservation Websites

http://ocean.nationalgeographic.com/ocean/take-action/10-things-you-can-do-to-save-the-ocean/

EDUCATION

Reducing Your “Carbon Footprint” so you

can make a difference

Each of us makes a footprint on our world. It is up to us to make sure our footprint is small which is good.

If we damage plants or animals we are making a bad footprint. If we help plants and animals our footprint is good.

If we damage (pollute) our water we are making a bad footprint. If we help keep our water clean our footprint is good.

If we waste water we are making a bad footprint. If we help save (conserve) water our footprint is good.

If we make a good footprint we are making a good (positive) difference and can become an OCEAN HERO.

Measure Your Carbon Footprint

http://energydiet.canadiangeographic.ca/calculator

http://www.carbonfootprint.com/

Carbon Footprint 1 minute quiz

http://earthhour.zerofootprint.net/

Water Usage 1 minute quiz

http://goblue.zerofootprint.net/

STORIES

Dora and Dennis, The Dolphins

Where They Live

(First story in a series for Children)

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Dora and Dennis are Dolphins. They live in the Pacific Ocean.

Dennis is one year old. Dora is his Mother.

Dora is very big, as big as 4 adults together. Dora takes care of Dennis and watches over Dennis all the time.

Dennis is growing. He is already the size of one human adult. Dennis learned to swim as soon as he was born.

Dora and Dennis live in a small village, called a pod, with 60 other dolphins who are their family and friends. They swim together and have fun together.

Dennis has friends named Nancy and Todd who are two years old. Nancy and Todd like to show off.They can do jumps and flips in the water. Dennis watches them carefully. It looks like so much fun.

Dennis dreams of doing jumps and flips just like Nancy and Todd.

“Dennis come and we will eat lunch” called Dora, his Mother.

“Can’t I watch Nancy and Todd some more, please, please?” asked Dennis. “I want to learn to do jumps and flips just like them” said Dennis as he dreamed he could do it.

“When you grow big and strong like Nancy and Todd you will be able to do jumps and flips just like them. For now, you must eat lunch so you can grow big and strong” said his Mom, kindly and with love.

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Where They Live Review Questions

Parent to Child or Teacher to Class:

1.Where do Dora and Dennis live?

2.Can you find the Pacific Ocean on our map?

3.How old is Dennis?

4.How big is Dennis?

5.What is a pod?

6.What are the names of Dennis’s friends?

7.What is Dennis dreaming of doing?

8.What did Dennis’s Mom tell Dennis he must do before he can do jumps and flips?

Parent to Child or Teacher to Class:

Each of us can become an OCEAN HERO. We have to promise to help keep our rivers and lakes and oceans clean. Would you like to be an OCEAN HERO?

Parent to Child~Teacher to Class:

Each of us can become an OCEAN HERO. We have to promise to help keep our rivers and lakes and oceans clean and save water. Would you like to be an OCEAN HERO?

Please visit www.WorldOceansDay.ca to learn how to become an OCEAN HERO.

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Dora and Dennis, The Dolphins

How They Hear and Talk

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Dora and Dennis are Dolphins. They live in the Pacific Ocean.

Dennis is one year old. Dora is his Mother. They live with their family and friends in a group, called a pod.

Dora and Dennis can talk to each other in many ways. They can make squeaks and whistles from their blowhole at the top of their body.

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Dora and Dennis also talk with their body, moving their body a special way to send a message.

Dolphins can learn words people speak to them. Dolphins can mimic people.

People have not learned to listen to Dolphins yet. People are trying to learn to listen to Dolphins. Many scientists believe Dolphins are as smart as people.

Dolphins hear by using their small ear openings on each side of their head. Dolphins can hear more sounds than people can. Dolphins can hear seven times more sounds than people can hear.

Dolphins hear the sounds of other marine animals. Dolphins also use sonar to see where other marine animals are. Sonar is sending sounds out and feeling the reply. We think Dolphins send sound clicks using their forehead and feel the reply in their mouth.

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Parent to Child~Teacher to Class:

1.Where do Dora and Dennis live?

2.Can you find the Pacific Ocean on our map?

3.How old is Dennis?

4.How does Dennis talk to his Mom?

5.How does his Mom hear him?

Listen to the Dolphins

http://www.speakdolphin.com/recordings.cfm?play=1

Parent to Child~Teacher to Class:

Each of us can become an OCEAN HERO. We have to promise to help keep our rivers and lakes and oceans clean and save water. Would you like to be an OCEAN HERO?

Please visit www.WorldOceansDay.ca to learn how to become an OCEAN HERO.

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Dora and Dennis, The Dolphins

How They Play

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Dora and Dennis are Dolphins. They live in the Pacific Ocean.

Dennis is one year old. Dora is his Mother. They live with their family and friends in a group, called a pod.

All marine animals living in our oceans play games. Dennis is learning to play games with his Mother and the other Dolphins who know over 300 different games.

Dennis likes to play catch. His Mother, Dora, holds a piece of seaweed in her mouth and passes it to Dennis very carefully so he can catch it. Dennis passes the seaweed to their friend Todd. Then Todd passed the seaweed to Nancy who catches it and passes it back to Dora. Dennis is excited. It is his turn again. Dennis wants to catch the seaweed on his first try this time.

Dennis is very happy. He did it. He caught the seaweed on his first try this time.

The next game is Dennis’ favourite game. All four dolphins will swim upside down and blow bubbles. Then they will turn over and chase the bubbles, trying to catch each bubble before the bubble reaches the top of the water. The winner will be the dolphin who catches all of their own bubbles.

Dennis is fast at this game. His Mother, Dora, calls out to him. “Are you ready Dennis?”

“Yes Mom, I am ready” Dennis told her, very excited.

“Get ready, get set, GO” called out Todd.

Dennis swam upside down, blew bubbles, then turned over to swim fast and catch the bubbles. He won!Dennis caught all his bubbles before the bubbles reached the surface of the water and before the others caught their bubbles.Dennis is very happy!

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Parent to Child~Teacher to Class:

1.What games did Dennis play?

2.What else could the Dolphins use to play catch with?

3.Which game is Dennis’ favourite game?

4.What other games do you think Dennis could play?

5.If we let plastic bags get into the ocean, would the Dolphins play with the plastic bag? (sadly, scientists have seen Dolphins play catch with plastic bags)

6.Could the plastic bag hurt the Dolphins?

See Dolphins Play

http://www.speakdolphin.com/games.cfm

Other Dolphin Games

http://www.ehow.com/how-does_4566670_dolphins-play.html

Parent to Child~Teacher to Class:

Each of us can become an OCEAN HERO. We have to promise to help keep our rivers and lakes and oceans clean and save water. Would you like to be an OCEAN HERO?

Please visit www.WorldOceansDay.ca to learn how to become an OCEAN HERO.

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Dora and Dennis, The Dolphins

Dangers They Face

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Dora and Dennis are Dolphins. They live in the Pacific Ocean.

Dennis is one year old. Dora is his Mother. They live with their family and friends in a group, called a pod. They play together and watch out for each other.

Dennis and his friends were having fun playing catch. Dennis is the youngest so the others pass to him very carefully. They found a plastic bag to play with.

“Do not play with that plastic bag Dennis” said his Mother, Dora.

“Plastic bags are dangerous. You could choke on it” she told Dennis and his friends.

“But it is fun Mom, it floats and fills with water and the water flows out of it when we go to the shore. Please can I just play with it for a little while?” pleaded Dennis.

“No Son, it is too dangerous. I will put it on a rock at the shore. Plastic bags are too dangerous. People sometimes forget and leave plastic bags, plastic rings and other plastic things near the water. The wind and the waves bring this garbage out to the ocean where it is a danger for all of us living in the ocean” said his Mother sternly.

“There are other things which end up in the ocean because people are not careful” Dennis’ Mother told him.

“Like what?” asked Dennis.

“Ropes, wire, fishing line, fish traps and cans are other things we must be careful of because they will hurt us. And bigger things like tires, old boats, motors, bicycles, wood boxes with nails, pails, and fishing rods. If it does not grow or live here in the ocean, you cannot play with it or swim near it. Do you understand Dennis?” asked his Mother.

“Yes Mother, I promise I will only play with sea weed and leaves and other things which grow and live in the ocean” said Dennis sadly as the remembered all the garbage they saw one day they were playing near the shore.

“Soon, when you get a bit bigger, we will travel to an area where all the plastic has gathered. It is like a huge bowl of soup. The plastic never goes away, it just breaks into small pieces. Some call it the great pacific garbage patch. Your aunt saw one in the Atlantic Ocean too” Dora said.

“Why do people do that? Don’t they like us?” asked Dennis.

“People like us Dennis, they really do….. but they do not think about the harm their garbage is for us and them when it ends up in the ocean. Sometimes they forget to keep plastic and other garbage away from the shoreline” Dora told her son Dennis.

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Parent to Child~Teacher to Class:

1.Why can’t Dennis play with the plastic bag?

2.What other garbage people put in the ocean or near the ocean could hurt Dennis and his Mother?

3.How does garbage in the ocean hurt people?

4.How can we stop people from letting garbage go into our ocean?

Parent to Child~Teacher to Class:

Each of us can become an OCEAN HERO. We have to promise to help keep our rivers and lakes and oceans clean and save water. Would you like to be an OCEAN HERO?

Please visit www.WorldOceansDay.ca to learn how to become an OCEAN HERO.

¨ACTIVITIES

Games and Crafts

Clip Art

Games and Crafts

http://www.enchantedlearning.com/crafts/ocean/

Draw a Dolphin:

http://www.dolphins-world.com/how_to_draw_a_dolphin.html

Colour a Dolphin:

http://www.dolphins-world.com/Dolphin_Coloring_Pages.html

Dolphin Puzzles:

http://www.dolphins-world.com/Dolphin_Puzzles.html

Clip Art

http://www.lafishmag.com/clipart.html

http://www.thekidzpage.com/freekidsclipart/

http://akidsheart.com/animals/anthemes.htmAnimal Themes, Ocean Theme

http://classroomclipart.com/cgi-bin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?img=0&search=ocean&cat=all&bool=phrase

http://www.free-clipart-pictures.net/dolphin_clipart.html

http://www.webweaver.nu/clipart/sea-dolphins.shtml

HOW TO BE AN “OCEAN HERO”

EARN AN OCEAN HERO CERTIFICATE

You can become an “OCEAN HERO” and receive a certificate to show everyone.

After you have completed the tasks, have either your Teacher, Parent, Guide or Scout Leader, email us to tell us you are recommended to become an OCEAN HERO.

Here is what you have to do:

Criteria to earn an “OCEAN HERO” Certificate

Age 3 – 4Grade: Pre School & Junior Kindergarten

Complete 4 of the following 6 activities to earn an OCEAN HERO certificate

1) Learn the basic facts about the water cycle (ocean, cloud, rain, creek, lake, river, ocean)

2) Learn the basic facts about our oceans
3) Pledge to conserve water and track the water you saved in a week

Hints: - by turning off the tap while you brush your teeth twice a day you will save30 Liters of water each day

- put a container water in the fridge to keep water cold instead of running the

tap and wasting water each time you want a cold drink of water

4) Participate in a beach, stream, river, lake or ocean shoreline clean up (weigh the bags of waste you picked up and take a photo at the end to show your results) individually or as a group. Wear gloves.

5) Pledge to not litter and to pick up litter near waterways whenever you see it. Wear gloves to pick up litter.
6) Pledge to recycle cans, plastics, paper

Age 5 – 6 Grade Senior Kindergarten – Grade 1

Complete 4 of the following 8 activities to earn an OCEAN HERO certificate

1) Learn the basic facts about the water cycle (ocean, cloud, rain, creek, lake, river, ocean)

2) Learn the basic facts about our oceans
3) Pledge to conserve water and track the water you saved in a week

Hint: - by turning off the tap while you brush your teeth twice a day you will save30 Liters of water each day

- put a container water in the fridge to keep water cold instead of running the

tap and wasting water each time you want a cold drink of water

4) Pledge to reduce your emissions “your carbon footprint”, with examples of behavior Example: walking or bike riding instead of driving, getting things done in one trip instead of two.

Hint: You can use the emissions calculator online to track “your carbon footprint” reduction
5) Participate in a beach, stream, river, lake or ocean shoreline clean up (weigh the bags of waste you picked up and take a photo at the end to show your results) individually or as a group. Wear gloves.

6) Pledge to not litter and to pick up litter near waterways whenever you see it. Wear gloves to pick up litter.
7) Learn about sustainable seafood / fishing practices or endangered species

8) Any other conservation or recycling project you choose, recording your results

CONTACT:

OceanHero@WorldOceansDay.ca

RESOURCES

Books

TV shows

Other websites

Books

Scholastic Books http://www.scholastic.com/kids/stacks

Books available on Amazon www.Amazon.com

Science Kids – Oceans and Seas: Kingfisher Publications

Marine Life

Navigators – Oceans and Seas: MacMillan Children’s books

Books are also available at your local Library

TV

CBC TV series “See the Sea”http://www.cbc.ca/parents/feature/2009/01/see-the-sea.php

Knowledge Network

Underwater Explorers

Reruns of “Sea Hunt”

Other Websites:

National Geographic – Kidshttp://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/animals/creaturefeature/

British Columbia Environmental Network

http://www.ecobc.org/